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China Shipping Rules You Should Know

China Shipping Rules You Should Know

Even during the global economic downturn, China's logistics industry continues to attract investment from multinational players. However, regulations enacted this year have revised the rules of the game for manufacturers and their logistics partners. This week, RightSite helps you to understand the newly applied China Customs Advance Manifest Regulation (CCAM) which has a significant impact on the way shipping lines and customers handle their documentation and operations for shipments both into and out of China.

With effect from 1st January 2009, China Customs implemented a new shipping manifest regulation called “China Customs Advance Manifest” (CCAM) that requires electronic submission of complete and correct cargo manifests  to China Customs 24 hours prior to the loading of cargo onto vessels out of, and into, Mainland China ports. This  regulation applies to all export, import and transshipment cargoes via any of Mainland China's ports.

The Chinese Customs agency has adopted these regulations to standardize the administration of manifests of inbound and outbound means of transportation, facilitate and safeguard international trade and also to align with accepted global practices.

The newly adopted CCAM applies to all modes of transport (ocean, air, road and rail) though rail and road implementation will be delayed until 2010.

Under the new rules, shipping lines must electronically submit the required manifest data to China Customs, who will then analyze container content information before a container is authorized for loading. Through this process, China Customs will be able to   decide in advance on the eligibility for loading of any shipment. In the case of non-complicance with the regulations, China Customs may impose fines or other penalties on the carriers and other parties responsible for the submission of the cargo declaration.

To help you quickly figure out what are the new regulations are and how best to abide by them, RightSite has summarised the core requirements from the CCAM here, with particular attention to the required documents and submission deadlines.

Required Documents

China Customs requires manifest transmission parties to submit the following items

  1. Application form
  2. Samples of bill of lading (waybill) and shipping order
  3. Relevant business stamps
  4. Copy of license or certificate of qualifications (which license or certificate is this)?
  5. Any additional documents required for a specific shipment

Submission Deadlines for Cargo Only Vessels

The timing of document submission requirements varies according to the type of transport used.

  1. For container vessels, the deadline is 24 hours before loading. For non-container vessels, submission deadline is 24 hours before arrival at the first destination port of call within China.
  2. For air transportation with a flight time four hours or less, the deadline is the time of the aircraft's takeoff . For air transport with a flight time of more than four hours, the deadline is four hours before arrival at the first destination port of call within China.
  3. For train transport, submission is required two hours before arrival at the first destination station of call within China.
  4. For road vehicles, the deadline is one hour before arrival at the first destination station of call within China.

Submission Deadlines for Mixed Cargo and Passenger Vessels

If there are passengers on board an inbound means of transportation, the manifest transmission parties should submit the data according to the following deadlines.

  1. For sea vessels, whether container or bulk, submission is required two hours before arrival at the first destination port of call within China.
  2. For aircraft with flight times of one hour or less, the deadline is 30 minutes before arrival at the first destination port of call within China. For aircraft with flight times of more than one hour but less than two hours, the documentation must be turned in at least one hour before arrival at the first destination port of call within China. And for air transportation with flight times of two hours or more, the required timing is two hours before arrival at the first destination port of call within China.
  3. In the case of train transport, documents must be submitted at least two hours before arrival at the first destination station of call within China.
  4. For road vehicles, the deadline is one hour before arrival at the first destination station of call within China.

Outbound Shipment Deadlines

For outbound shipping from China, the deadlines for submission of documents before loading also vary according to the type of transport used.

  1. For container vessels the deadline is 24 hours before departure time.  In the case of bulk cargo vessels, the required submission time is two hours before departure.
  2. For air transportation, the submission deadline is four hours before departure.
  3. In the case of train transport, the application must be made two hours before departure.
  4. For shipments by road vehicles the deadline is one hour before departure time.

For more detailed information on these regulations (in Chinese) from the official China Customs website about this regulation please visit this link.

For a more complete review of the CCAM regulations in English, please click here.

Comments

Hi,

Thanks for the helpful and informative article. Please add me to your mailing list.

Thanks,

Michael